February 15, 2021 5 min read

In this article

    What is tennis elbow?

    Defining Tennis Elbow

    Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is a form of tendinitis that occurs in the tendons in the elbow and forearm muscles. Despite what its name may lead you to believe, less than 5% of all cases of tennis elbow occur in people who play tennis! You can also get "golfer's elbow", "painter's elbow" or a variety of other "elbows" from overuse of the muscle or frequent repetitive movements such as by playing racquet sports, volleyball, weight lifting, or even from typing and labor-intensive jobs such as carpentry. You can also develop tennis elbow from an injury or blow to the lateral epicondyle, the outside of the elbow bone where your muscle attaches to.

    When I got tennis elbow, or more accurately volleyball-server elbow, I was told there wasn't much I could do aside from resting, icing, and stretching my elbow before and after practice. Despite this, I wasn't going to let my elbow pain get in the way of my game! That's when I started to explore my options and came across the complete "treatment" package.

    The symptoms of tennis elbow

    The symptoms of tennis elbow can range from mild irritation to lasting soreness that occurs during and after exercise. You may feel pain or tenderness, or experience swelling on the outside of your elbow. This pain can also extend to your lower arm. You might experience flare-ups of pain when using your hand and arm to lift and grip objects or do the motion that injured your arm in the first place.

    For me, I would feel pain immediately after serving the volleyball and would experience pain while I used that hand to take notes or type. It felt like I had to stretch or massage the area. That did nothing to arrest the pain. It persisted no matter what I did and made everything a chore, from opening the door to serving in my volleyball games. Just like most sports injuries, this put me off my game and hurt my performance on and off the court. Thus began my investigation into how to get relief from the pain and heal the tendon so I could get back to acing!

    Tennis elbow treatments and relief

    Diagnose tennis elbow

    There are many ways to go about treating tennis elbow, most of which depend on the severity of the injury. To properly diagnose tennis elbow, your doctor might have you go through a simple exam in which you flex your arm, wrist, and elbow to assess where the pain is stemming from. For more severe ligament damage, a musculoskeletal ultrasound, X-ray, or MRI might be ordered to get a better look at the affected area. In many cases tennis elbow can heal on its own, but not at the speed or in the manner you'd prefer. In order for it to fully heal, you have to let it rest and try the following nonsurgical treatment options:

    • Icing:The RICE (rest, ice, compress, elevate) method goes a long way. This helps to address the pain and swelling. It should be done for approximately 2 hours every day in 20-minute increments until the pain has subsided or is gone.
    • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs):To help manage your pain and inflammation, you can use over-the-counter painkillers such as Aleve, Ibuprofen, Naproxen, Advil, or Aspirin. If you are using this as your main method to heal tennis elbow, you should get explicit medical advice from your doctor to prevent encountering severe side effects such as bleeding and stomach ulcers resulting from use.
    • Elbow strap:Using a compression elbow strap during warm-ups and games can help to protect the tendon from future damage. Your doctor might also recommend you wear a wrist brace or splint to restrict your movement and protect the tendon.

    Collagen in the body

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    • Supplement with collagen and vitamin C:All the connective tissues in our body are made of collagen, including our tendons. In fact, collagen makes up 90% of the tendon. Collagen is also a key factor in tissue repair. Taking a highly bioavailable collagen supplement can help as both a preventativeand reactive measure to tennis elbow by boosting your body's natural collagen levels and strengthening the tendons. Vitamin C, collagen's sidekick, is necessary for collagen synthesis. Take them together and you're on the path to healthy, flexible, and sturdy tendons, muscles, ligaments.

    Physical Therapy

    • Consider physical therapy:Together with a physical therapist, you may be able to reduce stiffness and increase the blood flow to the affected area by doing simple exercises and stretches. This will also help to regain strength in your elbow/arm. Since the coronavirus is preventing many of us from scheduling non-emergency doctor's visits, you can try doing the following exercises from home:
      • Fist clenches
      • Supination with dumbbells
      • Wrist extensions
      • Wrist flexes
      • Towel wringing

    Steroid injections used to be another common form of pain management for tennis elbow, but in the long run, they may not be effective and can also pose health risks.

    When to get surgery

    Elbow Surgery

    Sometimes, the above treatments just won't cut it. For severe injuries that result in persistent pain or lack of mobility for 3 or more months, consider going to a healthcare professional in the field of orthopedic sports medicine who is well versed in tendinopathy and bursitis. If elbow surgery is recommended, orthopedic surgeons will remove the damaged parts of the tendon and repair the remaining tendon. Healing is typically fast and foolproof. Allow time for adequate rest to assist in the healing.

    The road to recovery is not the same for everyone. If I knew what I know now, I probably could have gotten back into the game much faster. The sad truth is that it took an off-year for my volleyball elbow to disappear completely. Whether you're already starting to feel the pain or if you're an athlete or artist that wants to boost your total body health, you can prevent tennis elbow by taking it easy, eating healthy, supplementing where you can, and remembering to take breaks whenever the pain arises.

    Summary Points:

    Despite what its name may lead you to believe, less than 5% of all cases of tennis elbow occur in people who play tennis.

    To properly diagnose tennis elbow, your doctor might have you go through a simple exam in which you flex your arm, wrist, and elbow to assess where the pain is stemming from.

    Collagen makes up 90% of the tendon and is also a key factor in tissue repair.

    Together with a physical therapist, you may be able to reduce stiffness and increase the blood flow to the affected area by doing simple exercises and stretches.

    If elbow surgery is recommended, orthopedic surgeons will remove the damaged parts of the tendon and repair the remaining tendon.

    Article References:

    1. www.webmd.com/fitness-exercise/tennis-elbow-lateral-epicondylitis#2
    2. www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/tennis-elbow/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20351991
    3. www.healthline.com/health/fitness-exercise/tennis-elbow-rehab#takeaway



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